Why are chemical sunscreens bad for the ocean?

In a 2016 study, a team of international scientists found that a common chemical in many sunscreen lotions and cosmetics is highly toxic to juvenile corals and other marine life. Oxybenzone, or BP-3, is found in more than 3,500 skin care products worldwide for protection against the sun’s harmful effects.

Why are chemical sunscreens bad for the environment?

Globally over 14,000 tons of toxic sunscreen enter the ocean each year. The chemical ingredients leaching into waters and coral reefs is not just from swimmers, but from sewage. The ingredients found in common household products rinse off our bodies and end up in lakes, rivers and oceans.

How do sunscreen chemicals affect marine life?

When people shower or swim while wearing sunscreen, the chemicals in sunscreen become exposed to the environment and contaminate our waters. These chemicals are harmful to marine life as it damages and kills corals by bleaching them.

Why is spray sunscreen bad for reefs?

Sunscreen and other personal care product ingredients were hot topics. Of particular concern to scientists was oxybenzone, a chemical used in sunscreens to protect our skin from damaging UV light. Oxybenzone is bad news for corals, harming them by; … Damaging coral DNA which interferes with reproduction.

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How does chemical sunscreen affect coral reefs?

Now a study finds that chemical compounds in sunscreen products can cause abrupt and complete bleaching of hard corals, even at extremely low concentrations [EHP 116:441–447; Danovaro et al.]. Zooxanthellae, symbiotic algae that live in healthy coral tissue, provide nutrients to corals through photosynthesis.

Is your sunscreen harming coral reefs?

Up to 10% of the world’s coral reefs may be threatened by certain chemicals found in most sunscreens. … Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3, BP-3) – Sunscreen ingredient that disrupts coral reproduction, causes coral bleaching, and damages coral DNA. Oxybenzone is found in over 3500 sunscreen products worldwide.

What sunscreen is ocean safe?

“Both nano particle—a smaller particle size—and traditional zinc oxide sunscreens are both safe and effective, and both will be considered safe for reefs. The only difference is the cosmetic feel on the skin.” So you’re pretty much good to go with a mineral-based option.

How does sunblock pollute the ocean?

Did you know that two ingredients found in many popular sunscreen products — oxybenzone and octinoxate — are known to harm and kill corals? When you apply sunscreen with these chemicals and then swim or snorkel, sunscreen washes off your body and contaminates the reef ecosystem.

What ingredients in sunscreen are bad for reefs?

Common sunscreen chemicals oxybenzone and octinoxate have been found to increase coral bleaching.

How does sunscreen cause coral bleaching?

When you swim with sunscreen on, chemicals like oxybenzone can seep into the water, where they’re absorbed by corals. These substances contain nanoparticles that can disrupt coral’s reproduction and growth cycles, ultimately leading to bleaching.

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Is your sunscreen poisoning the ocean?

When beachgoers wearing sunscreen go swimming, they carry these chemicals into the ocean. Research shows that coral reefs in Hawaii are exposed to over 6,000 tons of sunscreen lotion every year. Chemicals like oxybenzone and octinoxate also enter marine ecosystems through sewage treatment plant outflows.

What kills the coral reef?

Coral reefs are dying around the world. Damaging activities include coral mining, pollution (organic and non-organic), overfishing, blast fishing, the digging of canals and access into islands and bays. Other dangers include disease, destructive fishing practices and warming oceans.

Is Sun Bum reef safe sunscreen?

We are very proud to say that our Original, Mineral and Signature sunscreen products throughout the U.S. all meet the requirements of the FDA and Hawaiian legislation and are Reef Friendly (Oxybenzone & Octinoxate free).