Urushiol-induced contact dermatitis (also called Toxicodendron dermatitis or Rhus dermatitis) is a type of allergic contact dermatitis caused by the oil urushiol found in various plants, most notably species of the genus Toxicodendron: poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, and the Chinese lacquer tree.
What is Rhus dermatitis?
An allergic contact dermatitis caused by exposure to plants of the genus Toxicodendron (formerly Rhus). These include poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac, all plants that contain the substance urushiol, a potent skin sensitizing agent. (
How do you describe dermatitis?
Dermatitis is a general term that describes a common skin irritation. It has many causes and forms and usually involves itchy, dry skin or a rash. Or it might cause the skin to blister, ooze, crust or flake off.
How long does Rhus dermatitis last?
The location of vesicles depends on the site of exposure and whether the oil was transmitted along the skin by a vector, including scratching. Scratching creates a linear pattern. Lesions persist for 10 to 21 days.
How do you describe contact dermatitis rash?
Contact dermatitis can appear as an itchy, red rash. In this photo, the irritation is likely due to a watchband or to soap residue trapped beneath the band. Contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash caused by direct contact with a substance or an allergic reaction to it.
How do you treat Rhus dermatitis?
Systemic steroids are the mainstay of therapy in acute episodes of severe extensive allergic contact dermatitis. Without therapy, an episode of rhus dermatitis may be expected to persist as long as 3-4 weeks. Early adequate use of prednisone can significantly shorten this course.
What does sumac poisoning look like?
It usually peaks within a week, but can last as long as 3 weeks. A rash from poison ivy, oak, or sumac looks like patches or streaks of red, raised blisters. The rash doesn’t usually spread unless urushiol is still in contact with your skin.
What is dermatitis look like?
Periorificial dermatitis: Periorificial dermatitis looks like acne or rosacea. It develops around your mouth, eyes and nose. Seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff). Seborrheic dermatitis (called dandruff when it’s on your head) appears as red, dry, flaky, itchy skin on your scalp and other parts of your body.
What do lesions look like?
Skin lesions are areas of skin that look different from the surrounding area. They are often bumps or patches, and many issues can cause them. The American Society for Dermatologic Surgery describe a skin lesion as an abnormal lump, bump, ulcer, sore, or colored area of the skin.
How do you describe a rash?
A rash is an area of irritated or swollen skin. Many rashes are itchy, red, painful, and irritated. Some rashes can also lead to blisters or patches of raw skin. Rashes are a symptom of many different medical problems.
How do you treat irritant contact dermatitis on face?
Clean your skin with mild soap and lukewarm water to remove any irritants. Stop using any products you think might be causing the problem. Apply bland petroleum jelly like Vaseline to soothe the area. Try using anti-itch treatments such as calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream (Cortisone-10).
Why does hot water on poison ivy feel so good?
Heat overloads the nerve network so effectively that the urge to scratch is abolished for hours. Relief usually comes within seconds. Here is what some of our readers have to say: “Oh my gosh, hot water on a severe itch brings euphoric relief for a few seconds and then the itch stays away for hours.
What is toxicodendron dermatitis?
Toxicodendron dermatitis is an allergic contact dermatitis (allergic phytodermatitis) that occurs from exposure to urushiol, a skin-irritating oil produced by members of the plant genus Toxicodendron. In North America, this includes poison ivy, poison oak, and, much less frequently, poison sumac.